EDU PSYCH LAB

Educación, Psicología & Ciencia


2 comentarios

Creative Thinking, Innovation and “that” MindSet

Visnes, Rogaland (Norway)

Psychology, Education & Business

– Are you talking about cognitive processes or business?
Both!
– What do you mean?
What´s inside their minds when they try to innovate?
– How many years have you been abroad?
Twelve days! (but in Visnes…)
– Do you want to talk about inventions? I wasn´t looking to that direction…
Yes, because we should look where nobody is looking to see what others aren´t seeing! – Right?
– Are you talking about education or economical growth?
I´m talking about unlocking creative potential in people´s minds!
– Do you mean regard this process as other cognitive processes?
I mean, how would be if we train, develop and improve the mindset and skills behind innovation from a very early age at schools or … later on in life.
– How do you pretend link “all this” with number cognition and planning skills?

– We have proved, and we actually have evidence that number cognition is linked with the executive brain, which involves higher order tasks such as reasoning and decision making… We send information from the frontal lobes to the back of the brain all time, involving “higher-and-lower-level-processing” and so through this interaction, we represent the world and we transform things in something new; imagination.

Companies are like brains!

Sigue leyendo

Anuncios


Deja un comentario

From theories to practice: Alex, what does “1”mean ?

Many authors have paid attention to the etiology of dyscalculia (here I use dyscalculia or math disability as equivalent terms, even is not very purist). In this post, we  address some of the most famous theories in this field and how we can link them to the real practice.
Almost everybody agrees with the two most famous theories in this area, which are actually an amazing work in numerical cognition. These theories propose that number troubles come from a weakness in number sense or numerosity coding.

mental-number-system

Mental Number Line

 

  1. The Theory of the Approximate Number System (ANS), and how we use it for representing large and approximate numbers via a mental number line (Dehaene, 2011).
    Is “8” big or small? – If we consider that a number lower than 5 is small.
    Is “6” big or small?
    Probably it´s much easier for a kid to say that 10 is a big number, due to the “mental line distribution”
  2. The Numerosity- Coding Hypothesis proposed by Butterworth (2010), which states that Math Disability is caused by a deficit in the processing of smaller and exact sets of numbers.
    These theories state that we all have a preverbal ability which contributes to the foundation for the Symbolic Number System that we use to learn mathematics.

 

numerosity

Blue or Yellow? – In the easy task, the blue stars are much more salient but in the difficult task, a number of stars are quite similar, thus the RT increases.

 

Sigue leyendo


1 comentario

Space, Time and Numbers!

As my father says, – Nothing better as calculate accurately the right time you need to rich the precise location where you wanted to be. Punctuality

Is there some relation between how humans perceive the space and time with numbers? Why?

baby-abacus-660x389

Photo by Louis Luangkesorn

 

In this post, we will discuss about – magnitude processing (one of my favorite topics in cognitive psychology), and how the brain deals with information about time, space, number and other magnitudes.

During the last two years, I spent a lot of time reading articles about numerical cognition, thus everything I´ll write here is linked to these discoveries and thanks to a hundred of researchers and academics that have been publishing about this topic (and struggling with it).

Rats, chimpanzees and pigeons are gifted at calculations

sn_ts_022312_hdr

A pigeon performing a math test. Willian van der Vliet

– What? That was also my reaction. I am struggling with a derivate and a pigeon understands math. Yes (feed them today!)
Sigue leyendo


Deja un comentario

Executive Functions in the Schools

Why study EF?

cropped-1d8a75e87cdbef3eaf534bf7a95ccc84.jpg

School Program

EFS (Executive Functions) are complex. Complex to assess, to work with and even to write about them; and even so, I chose this topic for my research and PhD dissertation. EFS comprise a diverse range of cognitive processes which underline many disorders and difficulties that children and youngsters present at school and everyday life. Through the understanding of all these cognitive processes – planning, working memory, attention, inhibition, self-monitoring, self-regulation and initiation, we will be able to develop different programs and individual interventions to help them, not only in educational settings but wellbeing in life (emotional and social development). It becomes a challenge.

Students use EF at school, to complete assignments, engage during the lessons, learn concepts, and behave appropriately. There are many studies which prove a direct relation between EF and achievement in math, language skills, reading comprehension and writing (Sluis, de Jong & van der Leij, 2004).

When children experiment delays in the development of different EF, their understanding of academic material and social interactions suffer (they may be unable to establish new friendships or interact socially).
Several common developmental disorders emerge during early childhood (e.g. LD, ADHD, ADD, autism) and are associated with impairment in EF. Many kids show “x” behaviors sometimes, however if these behaviors persist along the time, or increase their intensity or interfere with their everyday life, parents should be aware and ask for help. To present certain troubles in EF during childhood, it doesn’t mean that the kid presents a disorder, but often EF issues co-occur with learning, ADHD or developmental delays. Sigue leyendo