EDU PSYCH LAB

Educación, Psicología & Ciencia


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Infographic: Memory & Learning

memory-ii

Over the time, we are changing the way we interact with information. This infographic was designed as an introduction to Memory (in Cognitive Psychology); it supposes that our brains process 60.000 times faster visual information than text-based information (what psychologists call “the pictorial superiority effect”, 1976).

I´ll try to introduce video infographics in the classroom…  🙂 Have a nice day!

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From theories to practice: Alex, what does “1”mean ?

Many authors have paid attention to the etiology of dyscalculia (here I use dyscalculia or math disability as equivalent terms, even is not very purist). In this post, we  address some of the most famous theories in this field and how we can link them to the real practice.
Almost everybody agrees with the two most famous theories in this area, which are actually an amazing work in numerical cognition. These theories propose that number troubles come from a weakness in number sense or numerosity coding.

mental-number-system

Mental Number Line

 

  1. The Theory of the Approximate Number System (ANS), and how we use it for representing large and approximate numbers via a mental number line (Dehaene, 2011).
    Is “8” big or small? – If we consider that a number lower than 5 is small.
    Is “6” big or small?
    Probably it´s much easier for a kid to say that 10 is a big number, due to the “mental line distribution”
  2. The Numerosity- Coding Hypothesis proposed by Butterworth (2010), which states that Math Disability is caused by a deficit in the processing of smaller and exact sets of numbers.
    These theories state that we all have a preverbal ability which contributes to the foundation for the Symbolic Number System that we use to learn mathematics.

 

numerosity

Blue or Yellow? – In the easy task, the blue stars are much more salient but in the difficult task, a number of stars are quite similar, thus the RT increases.

 

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Understanding Learning Troubles

DNA & Learning

– What is the cause of learning disabilities?
– Why is this happening to my kid?
– How can we help our kid?
– Are we doing something wrong?

These 4 questions are the most common in learning disabilities context. During the last month, we have been working on this area, trying to provide information to parents regarding learning disabilities etiology and how to deal with them.
In this article we will discuss about developmental disorders which affect to language, learning and cognition. These include those affecting to language, arithmetic, reading, motor skills, attention and also social interaction. All these disorders have serious consequences for education, and thereafter for well-being in adulthood.

Specific Learning Difficulties VS General Learning Difficulties

It´s important to make a difference between specific learning difficulty and general learning difficulties; general learning difficulties involve difficulties acquiring a wide range of skills, a specific learning difficulty involves a restricted domain. IQ tests, let us know if the child has an average IQ scores (more often in children with specific LD) or scores below 70 (more often in cases of general LD). However the distinction is probably much more complex.

We work with DN-CAS (Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System) which offers a lot of information about the cognitive functioning in children and adolescents focus on processes (panning, attention, simultaneous, successive); it offers an individual profile of strengths and weaknesses in learning, very useful while designing the intervention.

DSM-V considers SLD to be a type of Neurodevelopmental Disorder that impedes the ability to learn or use specific academic skills (writing, reading or arithmetic), which is the foundation for other academic learning. Neurodevelopmental Disorders also include intellectual disabilities, communication disorders, autism spectrum disorders, ADHD and motor disorders. Sigue leyendo


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Peace of Mind

You once told me you wanted to find yourself in the world, and I told you to first apply within, to discover the world within you.

You once told me you wanted to save the world from all its wars, and I told you to first save yourself from the world, and all the wars you put yourself through. – Suzy Kassem.

We are stuck in our own heads. Is not a way out?

– Yes, stop over-thinking, obsessive thinking and worrying too much. – Move on!
– Where is the anxiety button? Is it possible to shut down this state? Maybe the pill will help.
– There aren´t pills for a state of mind… How many years have you been taking benzodiazepines?
– Three years with Alprazolam (Xanax) … but I tried others like Diazepam [1] (Valium)… etc.
– How old are you?
– I am 29 years old
– What´s the main problem?
– I cannot control my thinking.

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A bridge between Poetry and Education

unidef

@Unicef-Educational Project

Learning through poetry… is it possible?

Poetry is not only poetry. Poetry promotes literacy, emotional resilience and builds community. The words we use in poetry can destroy giant walls. It can cross the boundary of our fears, untie knots, find whatever has been lost, even ourselves. Sigue leyendo