EDU PSYCH LAB

Educación, Psicología & Ciencia


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Cognitive Processing in Bilinguals: Mi experiencia

If you read Edupsychlab.org, you will find out two things at first sight, especially if English is your mother tongue. First, you will notice that I am an adult, probably a woman (due to my expression) and then, you will realize that English is not my first language. So, it´s true! – A few months ago, I started to study myself; the way how I process an opaque language (English) and how it affects to the way I process and learn information in this language and others.

Bilingualism: Is Galician Language reigning in my brain?

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“Las Mariscadoras” de Luis Seoane (Buenos Aires) http://www.galiciaunica.es

Due to the geographical situation of my Home Town, between two countries and where two official languages are recognized, I am bilingual and I´ve been instructed in a 50%- 50% balance.

Nevertheless, I suppose that this condition is almost impossible, it seems like one language needs to be the “queen”.

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Space, Time and Numbers!

As my father says, – Nothing better as calculate accurately the right time you need to rich the precise location where you wanted to be. Punctuality

Is there some relation between how humans perceive the space and time with numbers? Why?

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Photo by Louis Luangkesorn

 

In this post, we will discuss about – magnitude processing (one of my favorite topics in cognitive psychology), and how the brain deals with information about time, space, number and other magnitudes.

During the last two years, I spent a lot of time reading articles about numerical cognition, thus everything I´ll write here is linked to these discoveries and thanks to a hundred of researchers and academics that have been publishing about this topic (and struggling with it).

Rats, chimpanzees and pigeons are gifted at calculations

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A pigeon performing a math test. Willian van der Vliet

– What? That was also my reaction. I am struggling with a derivate and a pigeon understands math. Yes (feed them today!)
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Executive Functions in the Schools

Why study EF?

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School Program

EFS (Executive Functions) are complex. Complex to assess, to work with and even to write about them; and even so, I chose this topic for my research and PhD dissertation. EFS comprise a diverse range of cognitive processes which underline many disorders and difficulties that children and youngsters present at school and everyday life. Through the understanding of all these cognitive processes – planning, working memory, attention, inhibition, self-monitoring, self-regulation and initiation, we will be able to develop different programs and individual interventions to help them, not only in educational settings but wellbeing in life (emotional and social development). It becomes a challenge.

Students use EF at school, to complete assignments, engage during the lessons, learn concepts, and behave appropriately. There are many studies which prove a direct relation between EF and achievement in math, language skills, reading comprehension and writing (Sluis, de Jong & van der Leij, 2004).

When children experiment delays in the development of different EF, their understanding of academic material and social interactions suffer (they may be unable to establish new friendships or interact socially).
Several common developmental disorders emerge during early childhood (e.g. LD, ADHD, ADD, autism) and are associated with impairment in EF. Many kids show “x” behaviors sometimes, however if these behaviors persist along the time, or increase their intensity or interfere with their everyday life, parents should be aware and ask for help. To present certain troubles in EF during childhood, it doesn’t mean that the kid presents a disorder, but often EF issues co-occur with learning, ADHD or developmental delays. Sigue leyendo


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Understanding Learning Troubles

DNA & Learning

– What is the cause of learning disabilities?
– Why is this happening to my kid?
– How can we help our kid?
– Are we doing something wrong?

These 4 questions are the most common in learning disabilities context. During the last month, we have been working on this area, trying to provide information to parents regarding learning disabilities etiology and how to deal with them.
In this article we will discuss about developmental disorders which affect to language, learning and cognition. These include those affecting to language, arithmetic, reading, motor skills, attention and also social interaction. All these disorders have serious consequences for education, and thereafter for well-being in adulthood.

Specific Learning Difficulties VS General Learning Difficulties

It´s important to make a difference between specific learning difficulty and general learning difficulties; general learning difficulties involve difficulties acquiring a wide range of skills, a specific learning difficulty involves a restricted domain. IQ tests, let us know if the child has an average IQ scores (more often in children with specific LD) or scores below 70 (more often in cases of general LD). However the distinction is probably much more complex.

We work with DN-CAS (Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System) which offers a lot of information about the cognitive functioning in children and adolescents focus on processes (panning, attention, simultaneous, successive); it offers an individual profile of strengths and weaknesses in learning, very useful while designing the intervention.

DSM-V considers SLD to be a type of Neurodevelopmental Disorder that impedes the ability to learn or use specific academic skills (writing, reading or arithmetic), which is the foundation for other academic learning. Neurodevelopmental Disorders also include intellectual disabilities, communication disorders, autism spectrum disorders, ADHD and motor disorders. Sigue leyendo


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Language Disorders and ADHD

changing-emotions-e1312588361414Children with ADHD are likely to have trouble at school, not just because they have a hard time paying attention, but because they also need good communication skills in the classroom.

Children with ADHD struggle more with language comprehension than children with reading and writing disorders.

These kids, have also problems using the language in social contexts. It means they are sometimes aware that “something is wrong” with them. It´s very frustrating.

What makes the ADHD child with a language problem different to other children?  – Language processing difficulties.

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Libros que marcaron un antes y un después en tu carrera

Libros que no nos han pertenecido pero que nos han hecho crecer, minuto tras minuto.

Libros que marcan un antes y un después en tu vida. Y algún día, vuelven a tí como por arte de magia.

“Cognitive Psycholgy” Robert J. Sternberg. Northampton Square, London

Eternamente agradecida Mat Sigue leyendo